National Health Profile 2018
represents the amount of income required by each household to meet the basic needs of all its members and
Percentage of Population below poverty line has declined from 37.2 (2004-05) to 29.8 (2009-10 as per Tendulkar
Proportion of Deliveries attended by Trained Personnel:
The number of deliveries assisted by trained personnel
in a specific year, regardless of their site of occurrence, expressed as a percentage of the total number of births
in that same year, in a given country, territory, or geographic area. Trained personnel include medical doctors,
certified nurses and midwifes; not included are traditional birth attendants, trained or not.
Public Sector Expenditures:
Annual public health expenditure as a proportion of the national health expenditure.
The size of the public expenditure on health care goods and services for a given national economy, at a given
period in time, usually a year, expressed as a percentage of the corresponding national health expenditure. It
represents the governmental share, not limited to the ministry of health, of the total annual expenditure for
covering the provision of preventive and curative health services, public health affairs and services, health applied
research, and medical supply and delivery systems, excluding the provision of water and sanitation.
Still Birth Rate:
Death of a foetus weighing 1000g (equivalent to 28 weeks of gestation)or more, during one year
in every 1000 total births.
Total Fertility Rate:
Number of children that would be born per woman, assuming no female mortality at
childbearing age and the age-specific fertility rates of a specified country and reference period.
Unmet need of Planning:
Unmet need for family planning refers to fecundwomenwho are not using contraception
but who wish to postpone the next birth (spacing) or stop childbearing altogether (limiting). Specifically, women
are considered to have unmet need for spacing if they are:
• At risk of becoming pregnant, not using contraception, and either do not want to become pregnant
within the next two years, or are unsure if or when they want to become pregnant.
• Pregnant with a mistimed pregnancy.
• Postpartum amenorrheic for up to two years following a mistimed birth and not using contraception.
Women are considered to have unmet need for limiting if they are:
• At risk of becoming pregnant, not using contraception, and want no (more) children.
• Pregnant with an unwanted pregnancy.
• Postpartumamenorrheic for up to two years following an unwanted birth and not using contraception.
Women who are classified as in fecund have no unmet need because they are not at risk of becoming pregnant.
Unmet need for family planning is the sum of unmet need for spacing plus unmet need for limiting.
The term urban refers to towns (places with municipal corporation, municipal area committee, notified
area committee or cantonment board); also, all places having 1000 or more inhabitants, a density of not less
than 1000 persons per sq mile or 390 per sq km, pronounced urban characteristics and at least three-fourths
of the adult male population employed in pursuits other than agriculture. Proportion of Rural Population: The
percentage of total population of a country, territory, or geographic area living in places defined as rural, at a
specific point of time, usually mid-year. The term rural refers essentially to villages and other rarely populated