National Health Profile 2018
Percentage of Infants Immunized:
The percentage of infants reaching their first birthday that have been immunized
against each of the six EPI-target diseases (Diphtheria, Pertussis, tetanus, polio, measles and tuberculosis). The
denominator used in the calculation is the number of infants surviving to age one.
Peri-natal Mortality Rate:
Peri-natal mortality rate includes late foetal deaths (28 weeks gestation & more) and
early neonatal deaths (first week) in one year per 1000 live births in the same year.
The average number of pharmacists available per every 10,000 inhabitants in a population, at
a given year, for a given country, territory, or geographic area.
The average number of physicians available per every 10,000 inhabitants in a population, at a
given year, for a given country, territory, or geographic area.
All inhabitants of a country, territory, or geographic area, for a given sex and/or age group, at a
specific point of time. In demographic terms it is the number of inhabitants of a given sex and/or age group that
actually live within the border limits of the country, territory, or geographic area at a specific point of time, usually
mid- year. The mid-year population refers to the actual population at July 1st.
Population 65 Years & Over:
The percentage of total population of a country, territory, or geographic area, 65
years of age and over, for a given sex and at a specific point of time, usually mid-year. Proportion of Urban
Population: The percentage of total population of a country, territory, or geographic area living in places defined
as urban, at a specific point of time, usually mid-year.
Post-natal Mortality Rate:
Number of deaths of Children between 28 days and one year of age in a given year per
1000 total live births in the same year.
It is a situation in which a person is unable to get minimum basic necessities i.e. food, clothing and shelter
for his /her sustenance. The inability to attain a minimum standard of living. The World Bank uses a poverty line
of consumption less than us$1.00 a day (at constant 1985 prices) per person.
Poverty estimates in our country are derived from the household consumer expenditure data
collected by National Sample Survey organisation (NSSO) every fifth year. The’ Poverty line’ has been calculated
for 2009-10 to be Rs. 672.8 per month per capita for rural India and Rs.859.6 per month per capita for urban
India.(according to Tendulkar Committee Report).
The number of events, e.g., instances of a given disease or other condition, in a given population at a
designated time; sometimes used to mean “prevalence rate’: When used without qualification, the term usually
refers to the situation at a specified point in time (point prevalence).Prevalence rate (ratio) is the total number of
all individuals who have an attribute or disease at a particular time (or during a particular period) divided by the
population at risk of having the attribute or disease at this point in time or midway through the period.
Primary Health Care:
Essential health care that is technically valid, economically feasible and socially acceptable.
Primary health care includes eight essential elements: education concerning prevailing health problems and
the methods of preventing and controlling them; promotion of food supply and proper nutrition; an adequate
supply of safe water and basic sanitation; maternal and child health care, including family planning; immunization
against the major infectious diseases; prevention and control of locally endemic diseases; appropriate treatment
of common diseases and injuries; and provision of essential drugs.
Professional Nurses Ratio:
The average number of certified nurses available per every 10,000 inhabitants in a
population, at a given year, for a given country, territory, or geographic area. Certified nurses do not include
auxiliary and unlicensed personnel.
Proportion of Population belowNational Poverty Line:
The percentage of the population living below the national
poverty line in a given country, territory, or geographic area, for a given sex and/or age group, at a specific period
in time, usually a year. The operational definition for a national poverty line varies from country to country and