National Health Profile 2018
Putting to the death to a new born with the consent of the parent, family, or community.
Infant Mortality Rate (lMR):
Infant mortality rate - (or IMR) is defined as the number of infant deaths in a year
per 1,000 live births during the year.
Life expectancy at Birth:
The average number of years that a newborn could expect to live, if he or she were to
pass through life exposed to the age and sex-specific death rates prevailing at the time of his or her birth, for a
specific year, in a given country, territory, or geographic area.
Low Birth Weight:
Birth weight less than 2500 grams (up to and including 2499 grams).
Malnutrition is a general term for the medical condition in a person caused by an unbalanced
diet-either too little or too much food, or a diet missing one or more important nutrients. Most commonly,
malnourished people either do not have enough calories in their diet, or are eating a diet that lacks protein,
vitamins, or trace minerals.
Maternal & Child Health:
The term maternal & child health refers to the promotive, preventive, curative &
rehabilitative health care for mother & children which includes the sub areas of maternal health, child health,
family planning and health aspects of care of children.
Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR):
Annual number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births. A maternal death
is the death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, from any cause related to
or aggravated by the pregnancy or its management, but not from accidental or incidental causes.
Mortality Rate from Communicable Diseases:
The total number of deaths from communicable diseases in a
population of a given sex divided by the corresponding total number of this population, after removing the effect
of differences in the age distribution, expressed per 100,000 population for a given year, in a given country,
territory, or geographic area.
Mortality Rate from Non-communicable Diseases:
The total number of deaths from non-communicable diseases
in a population of a given sex divided by the corresponding total number of this population, after removing the
effect of differences in the age distribution, expressed per 100,000 population for a given year, in a given country,
territory, or geographic area.
Diseases that cannot be directly transmitted fromman to man, animal to animal or
from the environment (through air, dust, soil, water, food etc.) toman or animal are deemed as non-communicable
Old Age Dependency Ratio:
The proportion of persons above 65 years of age are considered to be dependent on
the economically productive age group (15-64 years)
One year-olds immunized against measles:
Percentage of l-year-olds who have received at least one dose of
measles-containing vaccine in a given year. For countries recommending the first dose of measles among children
older than 12 months of age, the indicator is calculated as the proportion of children aged less than 24 months
receiving one dose of measles-containing vaccine.
Percentage covered with Safe Water:
The percentage of the population that has safe drinking water available in
the home or with reasonable access.
Percentage covered with Sanitation:
The percentage of the population that has adequate excreta-disposal
Percentage of Contraceptive Users:
Percentage of eligible couples effectively protected against childbirth by one
or the other approved methods of family planning, viz sterilization, IUD (intra-uterine devices), condom or oral