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National Health Profile 2018

population 65 years of age and over, for a given country, territory, or geographic area, at a specific point in time,

usually mid- year; economically productive population is defined as the population between 15 and 64 years of

age, for the same country, territory, or geographic area, at the same specific point in time.


Any type of work performed or services rendered in exchange for compensation. Compensation

may include money (cash) or the equivalent in tuition, fees, books, supplies, room, or for any other benefit.

Family Planning:

Family planning refers to practices that help individuals or couples to attain certain objectives:


to avoid unwanted births


to bring about wanted births


to regulate the intervals between pregnancies


to control the time at which births occur in relation to the ages of the parent


To determine the number of children in the family.


Fertility means the actual bearing of children during a woman’s reproductive period i.e. roughly from 15

to 45, a period of 30 years.

Fertility Rate:

The number of live births during a year per 1000 female population aged 15-49 years at themidpoint

of the same year.


Induced termination of a pregnancy with destruction of the foetus or embryo; therapeutic abortion.

Gross Domestic Product:

The gross domestic product (GDP) at market prices is the sum of gross value added by all

resident producers in the economy plus any taxes and minus any subsidies that are not included in the valuation

of output. GDP measures the total output of goods and services for final use occurring within the domestic

territory of a given country, regardless of the allocation to domestic and foreign claims; it provides an aggregate

measure of production. The residency of an institutional unit is defined on the basis of economic interest in the

territory for more than a year.

GrossNational Product (GNP):

The sumof gross valueaddedby all resident producers, plus any taxes (less subsidies)

that are not included in the valuation of output, plus net receipts of primary income (employee compensation

and property income) from non-resident sources, divided by the mid-year population and converted to us dollars

using the world bank’s atlas method. This involves using a three-year average of exchange rates to smooth the

effects of transitory exchange rate fluctuations.


It is a term used to define a group of families living in proximity to each other, within a village. It could

have either heterogeneous or homogenous demographic pattern. There can be more than one habitation in a

village but not vice versa.

Health expenditures:

Health expenditure covers the provision of preventive and curative health services, public

health affairs and services, health applied research, and medical supply and delivery systems, but it does not

include provision of water and sanitation.


Every structure, tent, shelter, etc. was considered as a house irrespective of its use. It might be used for

residential or non-residential purposes or both or might not even be vacant.


A group of persons normally living together and taking food from a common kitchen constituted a

household. The members of a household might or might not be related by blood to one another.