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National Health Profile 2018

Definitions of various Terms used in NHP-2018

Accidental Deaths:

The total number of deaths caused by an accident or by causes attributable to forces of nature

per 1,00,000 population during the reference year in a given country, territory, or geographical area.

ANC (Ante natal care):

It is a systemic supervision of a woman during pregnancy at regular intervals to monitor

maternal wellbeing, fetal wellbeing and progress of fetal growth. Minimum ante natal cares include at least three

ante natal check-ups, TT immunization and IFA supplement.

Annual Exponential Growth Rate:

Annual population growth rate for year t is the exponential rate of growth of

midyear population from year t-1 to t, expressed as a percentage. Population is based on the de facto definition

of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.

Annual GDP Growth Rate:

The annual rate of change of the gross domestic product (GDP) at market prices

based on constant local currency, for a given national economy, during a specified period of time. It expresses the

difference between GDP values from one period to the next as a proportion of the GDP from the earlier period,

usually multiplied by 100.

Birth Rate:

The number of live births per 1000 estimated midyear population, in a given year.


A calorie is a unit of measurement for energy. In most fields, it has been replaced by the joule, the SI unit

of energy. However, it is used for the amount of energy obtained from food.

Case Fatality Rate:

the ratio of the number of deaths caused by a specified disease to the number of diagnosed

cases of that disease.

Communicable diseases:

An illness due to a specific infectious agent or its toxic products capable of being

directly or indirectly transmitted from man to man, animal to animal or from the environment( through air, dust,

soil, water, food etc.) to man or animal.

Contraceptive Methods:

Preventive methods that help women to avoid unwanted pregnancies which include all

temporary and permanent measures to prevent pregnancy resulting from coitus.

Crude Birth Rate:

The crude birth rate (CBR) is defined as the number of live births in a year per 1,000 population

estimated at midyear.

Crude Death Rate:

The crude death rate (CDR) is defined as the number of deaths in a year per 1,000 population

estimated at midyear.

Daily Calorie Requirement Per Capita:

The average number of calories needed to sustain a person at normal

levels of activity and health, taking into account the distribution of the population by age, sex, body weight and

environmental temperature.(UNDP, human development report 1994)

Decadal Growth rate:

It is defined as the percentage of total population growth in a particular decade. The

decadal growth rate is a vital part of Census operations.

Density of Population:

Number of persons, living per square kilometer.

Dentists Ratio:

The average number of dentists available per every 10,000 inhabitants in a population, at a given

year, for a given country, territory, or geographic area.

Dependency Ratio:

The average number of economically dependent population per 100 economically productive

population, for a given country, territory, or geographic area, at a specific point in time. In demographic terms,

economically dependent population is defined as the sum of the population under 15 years of age plus the