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National Health Profile 2018

In 1992, the Government launched the first National AIDS Control Programme (NACP- I) to combat the disease.

NACP I was implemented with an objective of slowing down the spread of HIV infections so as to reduce

morbidity, mortality and impact of AIDS in the country. National AIDS Control Board (NACB) was constituted and

an autonomous National AIDS Control Organization (NACO) was set up to implement the project. In November

1999, the second National AIDS Control Project (NACP- II) was launched with two key objectives to reduce the

spread of HIV infection in India AND to increase India’s capacity to respond to HIV/AIDS on a long-term basis. In

response to the evolving epidemic, the third phase of the national programme (NACP -III) was launched in July

2007 with the goal of Halting and Reversing the Epidemic by the end of project period.

Consolidating the gains made during NACP-III, the National AIDS Control Programme Phase-IV (NACP- IV) (2012-

17) was launched to accelerate the process of reversal and to further strengthen the epidemic response in

India through a cautious and well defined integration process over the period 2012-2017 with key strategies of

intensifying and consolidating prevention services with a focus on HRG and vulnerable population, increasing

access and promoting comprehensive care, support and treatment, expanding IEC services for general population

and high risk groups with a focus on behavior change and demand generation, building capacities at national,

state and district levels and strengthening the Strategic Information Management System.

20. Revised National TB Control Programme (RNTCP) (1997)

The Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme initiated early and firm steps to its declared objective

of Universal access to early quality diagnosis and quality TB care for all TB patients’. The year 2012 witnessed

innumerable activities happening towards the same. Notification of TB; case based web based recording and

reporting system ( NIKSHAY); Standards of TB care in India; Composite indicator for monitoring programme

performance; Rapid scale up of the programmatic management of drug resistant TB services are few of the

worthwhile mention in this regard. NIKSHAY, the web based reporting for TB programme has been another notable

achievement initiated in 2012 and has enabled capture and transfer of individual patient data from the remotest

health institutions of the country.

21. National Iodine Deficiency Disorders Control Programme (NIDDCP) (1992)

Iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) continue to be a major public health problem in India. Realizing the magnitude

of the problem, the Government of India had launched a 100 per cent centrally assisted National Goitre Control

Programme (NGCP) in 1962. In August, 1992 the National Goitre Control Programme (NGCP) was renamed

as National Iodine Deficiency Disorders Control Programme (NIDDCP) with a view of wide spectrum of Iodine

Deficiency Disorders like mental and physical retardation, deaf mutisim, cretinism, still births, abortions etc..

The programme is being implemented in all the States/UTs for entire population. The goal of NIDDCP is to bring

the prevalence of IDD to below 5% in the country and to ensure 100% consumption of adequately iodated salt

(15ppm) at the household level.

22. National Leprosy Eradication Programme (NLEP) (1983)

Govt. of India started National Leprosy Control Programme in 1955 based on Dapsone domiciliary treatment

through vertical units implementing survey education and treatment activities. Govt. of India established a high

power committee under chairmanship of Dr. M.S. Swaminathan in 1981 for dealing with the problem of leprosy.

Based on its recommendations the NLEP was launched in 1983 with the objective to arrest the disease activity

in all the known cases of leprosy. The National Health Policy, Govt. of India sets the goal of elimination of leprosy

i.e. to reduce the no. of cases to < 1/10,000 population by the year 2005. The National Leprosy Eradication